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Author Topic: New Report: Nevada  (Read 8669 times)

JasonPSorens

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New Report: Nevada
« on: July 31, 2002, 11:39:12 am »

Anita Joule's report on Nevada is now online: http://www.freestateproject.org/nevada.htm .
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"Educate your children, educate yourselves, in the love for the freedom of others, for only in this way will your own freedom not be a gratuitous gift from fate. You will be aware of its worth and will have the courage to defend it." --Joaquim Nabuco (1883), Abolitionism

Elizabeth

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2002, 02:24:55 am »

Nevada Report
by Anita L. Joule



Nevada can be a fun place to visit, but I wouldn’t want to live there. It offers ample opportunities to indulge in guns, gambling, and girls. One would think that a state with legalized gambling and prostitution would be extremely liberty oriented. This however is not the case in many areas that FSP members would be interested in.

Homeschooling Regulations

One area of concern is the hostile homeschooling regulations. For a child to be legally exempted from compulsory attendance in a government (public) school, the parent may seek a waiver of attendance by submitting a “Notification of Intent to Provide Home Instruction” form. This form must be accompanied by “evidence to the local school district that their child will be receiving appropriate instruction at home.” The following criteria are considered evidence of qualification for providing "appropriate instruction.”

1.   A teacher, other than the parent, who possesses a NV teaching license OR;
2. The parent, when a parent qualifies for a teaching license for the grade level to be taught OR;
3. The parent, in consultation with a person who possesses a teaching license or who has provided instruction in the home for the grade level to be taught for at least three years OR;
4. The parent, when the child is enrolled in an approved (licensed by the state board) correspondence program.

Drug Laws

Another area of concern for many is the fairly strict marijuana regulations. It has been said that you can get falling down drunk, frequent the whore houses, and lose all you money in the casinos, but let them find a single marijuana seed in your ashtray and its off to jail you go.

Fortunately there has been some progress in this area. According to NORML, the decriminalization of marijuana in Nevada has begun. “The state has decriminalized marijuana to some degree. Typically, decriminalization means no prison time or criminal record for first-time possession of a small amount for personal consumption. The conduct is treated like a minor traffic violation.” There has also been progress in medical marijuana legislation in Nevada. For Nevadans, “the law removes state-level criminal penalties on the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who have 'written documentation' from their physician that marijuana may alleviate his or her condition.”

Even so, the fines for misdemeanor marijuana violation are fairly high and subsequent violations result in increasingly harsh fines and eventual incarceration. This however, applies only to adults, age 21 and older. Those who are under 21 years and possess less than 1 oz on their first or second offense, will be found guilty of a felony, punishable by one to four years of incarceration. Additionally, anyone found in possession of paraphernalia is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a $1,000 fine and 6 months in jail and paraphernalia sale is a felony punishable by a fine of $5,000 and 1-4 years in jail.

Demographics

Nevada State Demographer estimates the state population at 2,066,831 indicating that Nevada’s population has passed the limit originally set for our target states. Nevada’s population growth over the past decade makes it the fastest growing state in the nation. Population increase estimates for 2010 would place the total statewide population at approximately 2,710,000 far exceeding our population limits for the project.

This leads to another obvious concern, employment in Nevada. As reported by the U.S. Department of Labor, Nevada ranks 33rd among the states with a jobless rate of 5.5 percent. The 1.1 percent annual job growth pitted against the projected average population growth of 2.6%. An influx of 20,000 unexpected and unforeseen new residents flooding into the state could spell disaster for Nevada as well as the FSP.

Taxation

In 1981, Nevada switched from a property-tax based system, to one based on gaming and sales taxes. But those tax revenues are highly susceptible to economic downturns -- a problem some classify as a structural defect that will result in a $1.2 billion deficit in coming years.

The Nevada Task Force on Tax Policy, created by the Legislature when the 2001 session ended without any major proposals to address the state's economic shortfall that currently sits at $270 million, is readying a recommendation that is expected to propose:

*   Creating a broad-based business tax.
*   Increasing the current cap on how much property tax a local government can charge.
*   Expanding what's covered under the sales tax.
*   Increasing “sin taxes” such as those on cigarettes and alcohol.
*   Increasing certain fees businesses pay and possibly ask voters to approve a lottery.
However, the Legislature and Gov. Guinn worry that increased taxes will ruin what makes Nevada attractive to so many newcomers.



Pro-business Nevada has a constitutional prohibition on income taxes. The state does not tax the income of its corporations or its state's citizens. A Nevada corporation is also not subject to any other hidden taxes such as franchise taxes, capital stock taxes, or inventory taxes. Sales tax applies only to products sold within the state.

Selected Taxes Common to Many of the 50 States But Not Nevada   
Type of Tax   Number of States Using   
Franchise   26   
Corporate Income   46   
Personal Income   44   
Special Intangible   10
Capital Stock   2   
Admissions   36
Excise   16   



Because Nevada has no state income tax, and because Nevada does not keep much information on their own residents or their corporations, it has steadfastly refused IRS requests for reciprocity. Most other states freely exchange all of the information they have on every resident and corporation.

Incorporation

Nevada has developed a corporate structure that is unique. Nevada began with corporate statutes based on Delaware’s and then went further, establishing a corporate structure that allows investors and owners of Nevada corporations to remain completely private. Since these changes in Nevada's statutes came into effect in 1991 the number of new incorporations in Nevada has exploded.

To ensure privacy, Nevada is the only state that allows its corporations to use bearer stock certificates. It is virtually impossible to prove the ownership of a Nevada corporation handled in this manner. Since the state does not require a corporation to list with it the corporation's vice-president(s), a vice-president utilizing bearer shares can have complete control and ownership while remaining anonymous.

Health Care

Currently Nevada is experiencing a medical crisis caused by the withdrawal of the largest medical malpractice carrier from the Nevada malpractice insurance market. The company, which had covered 60 percent of the state’s doctors, cited large malpractice awards. Nevada’s only top-level trauma center closed for 10 days earlier this month in Las Vegas after 58 orthopedic doctors temporarily quit. Legislators are considering a number of proposals.

Nuclear Waste

President Bush formally approved Nevada's Yucca Mountain as the nation's high-level nuclear waste dump on 7/24/02, ending a 20-year political fight and shifting the battle to the courts. "Our best chance in defeating Yucca Mountain is in the federal courts, where impartial judges will hear the factual and scientific arguments as to why Yucca Mountain is not a safe place to store this nation's high-level nuclear waste," said Nevada's Republican governor. Bush hopes the move will pave the way for more nuclear energy production. Government planners have set a 2010 opening date, but the General Accounting Office has said the target cannot be met.

Conclusion

All in all, I would not rank Nevada very high as a choice for the Free State Project. There are a number of huge problems that would need to be addressed and frankly given the large percent of federal land, the projected population increases, the unemployment rate, and the nuclear waste project, not to mention the lack of water, poor soil, and extreme heat I do not believe we should waste our time with further consideration of this state.

July 28, 2002
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Elizabeth

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #2 on: August 01, 2002, 02:27:57 am »

I see the too-high population and extreme levels of transiency being dealbreakers for Nevada, let alone all the other stuff I learned from this report.

Anita, this was very informative!  Thanks for your efforts!

Jason, since Nevada is over 2M already, doesn't it disqualify?
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JasonPSorens

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #3 on: August 01, 2002, 09:50:32 am »

We could disqualify it if we wanted.  At the last Research Committee meeting we voted to include on the ballot "all 16 states on the state data page," rather than setting a population<2 million criterion.  But we could vote to restrict the choices more; in fact, a lot of people seem to like the idea of restricting the ballot more radically, to 6-7 states.  But we'll need more info on all the states before we decide to do that.  But we could easily vote for a population< 2 million criterion.  Of course, even with that kind of population Nevada is probably a better choice than some of the other states on the list of 16! :P
« Last Edit: August 01, 2002, 09:52:05 am by Jason P. Sorens »
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"Educate your children, educate yourselves, in the love for the freedom of others, for only in this way will your own freedom not be a gratuitous gift from fate. You will be aware of its worth and will have the courage to defend it." --Joaquim Nabuco (1883), Abolitionism

Eddie_Bradford

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #4 on: August 01, 2002, 10:35:56 am »

One approach could be to have a "vote of confidence" where we pick a state to got up to the firing line.  Then we do a bunch of research and present it in the most favorable light (a "swan song") if you will before we vote to elimistate or not.  What a tradjic ballet our our project would make, I can hear the swan song of each state now as is goes to the guillotine with only one lone state left at the end.  Although as some would have it the two star crossed lovers will survive (one from the east the other from the west) and run off together but (as Jason believe) both will bring about the other's demise.  Sort of Romeo Juliet thing.
Okay I think I'm going crazy now, extending analogies can be habit forming.
-Eddie
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Reaper

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #5 on: August 06, 2002, 01:40:12 pm »

This email I got seems to speak well of Nevada's law enforcement personel:

"The Marijuana Policy Project's initiative campaign in Nevada has done the impossible: We have secured the endorsement of the Nevada Conference of Police and Sheriffs. With more than 3,000 members statewide, NCOPS is the largest police association in Nevada.

"As a former law-enforcement officer, I know that a simple marijuana arrest takes me off the street for half my shift," said NCOPS President Andy Anderson today as he announced his organization's ground-breaking endorsement. "Passage of Question 9 will ensure that
more cops are on the streets to protect our citizens from violent crime and the threat of terrorism."

If you are a student of marijuana policy reform, you know that law-enforcement officials are usually the primary opponents of reform. Now, with the police on our side in Nevada, it's hard to imagine who our opponents will be. (Indeed, the Nevada Secretary of State couldn't even find anyone to debate our campaign manager during two live
call-in TV shows on July 22 and 23!)

Our campaign operation in Nevada is doing everything right. So it's important that we all pitch in to ensure that they have the $100,000's they need in order to be able to run hard-hitting TV ads at the end of this campaign.

If you have not yet become a part of this historic campaign, would you please donate $10 or more at http://www.NRLE.org ? "Nevadans for Responsible Law Enforcement" is the name of our PAC in Nevada.
[snip]"
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debra

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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #6 on: August 06, 2002, 07:53:31 pm »



"The Marijuana Policy Project's initiative campaign in Nevada has done the impossible: We have secured the endorsement of the Nevada Conference of Police and Sheriffs..."


Oh dear - we're going to have to change the state motto from "Whores 'n Poker!" to "Whores, Poker, 'n Pot!"

Makes me proud to be a Nevadan...  ;)
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Elizabeth

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Nev. Police Group Changes Pot Stance
« Reply #7 on: August 10, 2002, 02:23:42 am »

Nevada Police Group Reverses Endorsement of Marijuana Ballot Measure

The Associated Press

L A S   V E G A S, Aug. 9 — Nevada's largest police organization ousted its president Friday and reversed his endorsement of a statewide initiative that would let adults legally possess small amounts of marijuana.

The Nevada Conference of Police and Sheriffs issued a statement blaming former president Andy Anderson for a "misunderstanding" and declared that the executive board had not endorsed decriminalizing marijuana when Anderson polled them Tuesday.

The organization said Friday it doesn't endorse the measure, which will appear on the Nov. 5 ballot, "nor will it support any measure for the decriminalization or legalization of marijuana."

The group represents about 3,000 Nevada law enforcement officers about two-thirds of police in the state.

Anderson, one of the founding members of the 23-year-old organization, could not be reached for comment Friday night.

On Tuesday, he said, "We just feel we could use our resources better. Why waste our time with marijuana arrests?"

Until last year in Nevada, it was a felony to possess a single marijuana cigarette. Now, possessing an ounce or less is a misdemeanor.

The ballot initiative would allow marijuana to be sold only in state-licensed and taxed smoke shops. Possession by minors would still be a crime and public use would be banned.

The measure would have to pass twice in November and again in 2004 to become law.

Copyright 2002 The Associated Press.
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Mega Joule

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Re:Nev. Police Group Changes Pot Stance
« Reply #8 on: August 10, 2002, 02:31:57 am »

Quote
Quote from: Elizabeth
Nevada Police Group Reverses Endorsement of Marijuana Ballot Measure

The Associated Press

L A S   V E G A S, Aug. 9 — Nevada's largest police organization ousted its president Friday and reversed his endorsement of a statewide initiative that would let adults legally possess small amounts of marijuana.
This is indeed sad news given the progress had been made thus far in NV.


On a lighter note I see Elizabeth has passed the 200 posts mark.  Not far too Galactic Overlord now.

Meg
« Last Edit: August 10, 2002, 03:02:09 am by Mega Joule »
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Re:New Report: Nevada
« Reply #9 on: August 16, 2002, 12:45:46 pm »

I lived in Las Vegas, NV back in 2000.   While we loved the weather and the convenience of living in the city I also came to realize that Clark County(Vegas) was rushing headlong to transform itself into a little California.  The pollution standards on cars was incredible, housing was expensive (of course this is relative to where you live now) and every day they were passing more restrictive laws.

I believe Reno (Washoe county I think?) was heading in a similar direction.  

The rest of the state however, is extremely freedom minded.  The down side to all this is that the majority of the employment is in the Reno or Vegas area.  Plus something like 70% or more of the state is government owned.  Food for thought.
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